"The light of the jewel illuminates the jewel itself." ~The Third Ancestor

July 14, 2018

A POSTCROSSING TREAT

Sent by Postcrosser: Cenezo Quemado of Iriga City

MAYON VOLCANO



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TAAL VOLCANO is one of the most active volcanoes in the Philippines, found between the towns of Talisay and San Nicolas, Batangas. The volcano has a lake inside its crater.

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July 13, 2018

MOUNTAINS AND ROADS

Sent by Iwa Mahor of Bataan


BONTOC is a second class municipality and the capital of MOUNTAIN PROVINCE. It is the historical capital of the entire Cordillera region since the inception of governance in the Cordillera. It is also home to the Bontoc Tribe, a feared war-like group of indigenous people who actively indulged in tribal wars with its neighbours up until 1930s.

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KENNON ROAD is a roadway in the Philippines connecting the mountain city of Baguio to the lowland town of Rosario. In La Union province. The project begun in 1903 and was opened for travel on January 29, 1905. It was originally called the Benguet Road and later renamed in honour of its builder, Col. Lyman Walter Vere Kennon of the US Army Corps of Engineers. For travelers coming from Manila or the provinces in the central plains of Luzon, it is the shortlist route to Baguio

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FERDINAND MAGELLAN

Sent by Iwa Mahor of Bataan


FERDINAND MAGELLAN was born in 1480 at Porte de la Barca, PORTUGAL. His Portuguese name is FERNAO de MAGALLANES. He led the first expedition to prove that the world is round by sailing from west to east. He is the one who discovered the PHILIPPINES, an archipelago which is abundant of spices. He is the first Spanish to spread christianity and at the same time the first to conquer the Philippines in the name of Spain. In April 27, 1521, a bloody fighting erupted in Mactan between the Filipinos and the Spanisrds. This battle cost the life of Magellan in the hands of Lapu-lapu.

PHILIPPINE ARTISTS

Sent by Iwa Mahor of Bataan


FRANCISCO BALTAZAR Y DELA CRUZ was born on April 2, 1788 in Barrio Panginay, Bigaa, BULACAN. He is known much more widely through his nom-de-plume (pen name) FRANCISCO BALAGTAS. He was a remarkable poet, and widely considered as the Tagalog equivalent of WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE for his impact on Filipino literature. The famous epic, FLORANTE AT LAURA, is regarded as his defining work. He also won an award during his school days, and graduated valedictorian in Madrid. He was recognised by the PAHAYAGANG KASTILYANO (SPANISH DECLARATION) and became the front cover for two weeks. He is so greatly revered in the Philippines that the term for Filipino debate in extemporaneous verse is named for him:BALAGTASAN. He died on February 20, 1862(aged 73) in Udyong, BATAAN.

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GRACIANO LOPEX JAENA
Orator and Propagandist

Graciano Lopez Jaena was born in Jaro Iloilo on December 18, 1856. His parents were Placido Lopez and Jacobs Jaena. He wrote the article "FRAY BOTOD" at age 18 where he criticised the Spanish friars. He founded the "LA SOLIDARIDAD" the first newspaper to tackle about Philippine reforms. Lopez Jaena along with Jose Rizal and Marcelo del Pilar were regarded as the triumvirate of the Propaganda Movement. He died of tuberculosis on January 20, 1896.

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PHILIPPINE HEROES

Sent by Iwa Mahor of Bataan


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HEROES RESTING PLACE

HEROES' CEMETERY
Sent by Iwa Mahor of Bataan



Officially known as LIBINGAN NG MGA BAYANI in Tagalog, is a national cemetery within Fort Bonifacio (formerly the American Fort William McKinley) in Western Bicutan , Taguig City, Metro Manila, Philippines. It was established as a fitting resting place for Filipino military personnel from privates to generals , as well as heroes and martyrs. It was first established on May 1947 as the Republic Memorial Cemetery. It was then renamed to its current name on October 27, 1954 by President Ramon Magsaysay.

AGUINALDO SHRINE

Sent by Iwa Mahor of Bataan


THE AGUINALDO SHRINE is the national shrine located in Kawit, CAVITE, where the Independence of the Philippines from Spain was declared on June 12, 1898. The shrine is the ancestral home of General Emilio Aguinaldo, the First President of the First Republic of the Philippines. The house was first built in 1845, made from wood and thatch, and reconstructed in 1849. It was in this home where the General was born on March 22, 1869. To commemorate the "Araw ng Kalayaan" or Independence Day, a national holiday, the Philippine flag is raised here by the top government officials every 12th of June each year. The house is now a museum.

CARLOS P. ROMULO 1898-1985

Sent by Iwa Mahor of Bataan


CARLOS P. ROMULO was a journalist for a great part of his life. He was a reporter by the age of 16, a newspaper editor at 20, and a publisher at 32. Romulo was the only Asian to win America's coveted Pulitzer Prize in Journalism for series of articles about the outbreak of World War II.

Best remembered as a Diplomat, he was the First Asian President of the United Nations General Assembly. He was also appointed Philippine Ambassador to Washington, DC and later, Minister of Foreign Affairs. Inspite of his busy life, he managed to write and published 18 books.

In addition to being a National Artist, Romulo received 74 decorations from foreign countries. He was the recipient of the United Nations Peace Medal, the World Peace Award, the Four Freedoms Peace Award, and the US Presidential Medal for Freedom, Merica's highest award for civilians.

When he returned to the Philippines in 1984 after more than 50 years of representing the country abroad, he received practically all the awards given by his country. So a new title was created for him: "HERO OF THE REPUBLIC"..

Some of his major works were "I SAW THE FALL OF THE PHILIPPINES " (1942, "MOTHER AMERICA" (1943), "I SAW THE PHILIPPINES RISE (1946, among many others.

July 12, 2018

PHILIPPINE PRESIDENTS

Sent by Iwa Mahor of Bataan

THE BEST PRESIDENTS

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RODRIGO "RODY" ROA DUTERTE (nicknamed Digong) was born on March 28, 1945 in Maasin, Southern Leyte. He is a Filipino lawyer, politician and elected 16th President of the Philippines.

He has served as vice-mayor and congressman of Davao City, and he is among the longest-serving mayors in the Philippines ang has been mayor of Davao City for seven terms, totalling more than 22 years. Over a period of 20 years, he turned Davao City from the "murder capital of The Philippines" to what tourism organisation now describe as "The Most Peaceful City in Southeast Asia," and what numbeo.com ranks as the "World's Fourth Safest Place."

Popular with the locals due to his successful zero tolerance policies against criminals, he earned the nickname "The Punisher."

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FERDINAND EMMANUEL EDRALIN MARCOS, SR was born on September 11, 1917 in the town of Sarrat, Ilocos Norte. He was a Filipino strongman politician who held the title of President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. He was a lawyer, a member of the Philippine House of Representatives, a member of the Philippine Senate, and was the Senate President 1963-1965.

While in power he implemented wide-ranging programs of infrastructure development and economic reform. However, his administration was marred by massive authoritarian corruption, despotism, nepotism, political repression, and human rights violations.

In 1983, his government was accused of being involved in the assassination of his primary political opponent, Benigno Aquino Jr. Public outrage over the assassination served as the catalyst for the People Power Revolution in February 1986 that led to his removal from power and eventual exile in Hawaii.

He died on September 28, 1989 (aged 72) in Honolulu, Hawaii.

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RAMON DEL FIERRO MAGSAYSAY was born on August 31, 1907 in Iba, Zambales. He was the seventh President of the Republic of the Philippines, serving from December 30, 1953 until his death in a plane crash in March 17, 1957 (aged 49) in Manunggal, Balamban, Cebu.

An estimated 2 million people attended Magsaysay's burial on March 31, 1957. He was posthumously referred to by the people the "Idol of the Masses."

An automobile mechanic, Magsaysay was appointed military governor of Zambales after his outstanding service as a guerilla leader during the Pacific War. He then served two terms as Liberal Party congressman for Zambales before being appointed as Secretary of National Defense by President Elpidio Quirino. He was elected President under the banner of the Nacionalista Party. He was the first Philippine President born during the 2oth century.

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Sent by Iwa Ihor











THE MANILA CATHEDRAL

Sent by Roland Nino Martinez of California USA
Via Philippine History 101:NOSTALGIA, FB
My grateful thanks Sir!


Printed by Kruger (17206)
Made in Germany
Distributed by National Book Store

HISTORY

The story of the Manila Cathedral is not only a story of the Church, it is also a story of Intramuros, a story of Manila, a story of the Philippines. Manila Cathedral is a time narrative; it is about ruins and ravages, rising and restorations. As its pineapple finials powerfully symbolize, Manila Cathedral represents life cycle; its rich history is a reference to trails and timelines that call for a dynamic continuance.

It is in heeding this call that the Manila Cathedral-Basilica, as it embraces increased commitment and relevance, steers itself through present-day challenges along a more complex mission parameter: Worship, Education, Services, Temporalities, and Youth (WESTY). Incumbent Rector Msgr. Nestor C. Cerbo, appointed in 2002 by then Manila Archbishop Jaime L. Cardinal Sin “to make the cathedral the model to all the churches” in the Philippines, has embarked on mighty efforts to give the Cardinal’s word concrete proofs of results, chief of which being the recent renovations and repairs of the church building and its appurtenant structures. The beauty of the present cathedral reflects details of architectural finesse and fidelity to its old form, to its glory and grandeur that have always been its distinguishing mark.

But, perhaps, the present reconstructed, and now again renovated, Manila Cathedral will not fully capture the former splendor of the old one. Perhaps, only the memories of the past can evoke bittersweet remembrance of its olden magnificence.

Yet, true to tradition, the Manila Cathedral has sprung back from the scratch, as always, and evolved far enough to reign in its rightful place in the history of the Church and of Manila, as a shining beacon and preserver of the faith in the heart of the Walled City – the homepage and centerfold of the Philippine history.

Source: http://manilacathedral.com.ph


January 2, 2018

MANILA


Left panel: A Spanish-inspired horse-driven Calesa in Manila Bay.

Right Panel - Top: Jeepney, a popular public transportation in Metro Manila
Bottom: Fort Santiago and Intramuros, old architecture influenced by the hispanic era.

MANILA

Multiview


TOP - Left: Makati, business center of the Philippines
Right: Philippine Jeepney

BOTTOM - Left: Horse-driven calesa in historical Intramuros
Right: Roxas Boulevard and Manila Bay

CAMIGUIN LANZONES FESTIVAL

Mambajao, Camiguin, MINDANAO


LANZONES FESTIVAL is a four-day grand celebration held every 3rd week of October. It showcases houses, carriages, street poles and people decorated with Lanzones fruits and leaves.

November 9, 2012

October 23, 2012

PHILIPPINE VOLCANIC WONDERS

Sent by Iwa Mahor of Bataan

MT. APO
Davao, Philippines

Mount Apo (Cebuano: Bukid Apo) and (Filipino: Bundok Apo) is a large solfataric, potentially active stratovolcano in the island of Mindanao, Philippines. With an elevation of 2,954 metres (9,692 ft) above sea level, it is the highest mountain in the Philippine Archipelago and is located between Davao City and Davao del Sur province in Region XI and Cotabato province in Region XII. The peak overlooks Davao City 45 kilometres (28 mi) to the northeast, Digos City 25 kilometres (16 mi) to the southeast, and Kidapawan City 20 kilometres (12 mi) to the west.

The first two attempts to reach Mt. Apo’s summit ended in failure: that of Jose Oyanguren (1852) and Señor Real (1870). The first recorded successful expedition was led by Don Joaquin Rajal in October 10, 1880. Prior to the climb, Rajal had to secure the permission of the Bagobo chieftain, Datu Manig. It is said that the Datu demanded that human sacrifice be made to please the god Mandarangan. Fortunately, the datu agreed to waive this demand, and the climb commenced on October 6, 1880, succeeding five days later. Since then, numerous expeditions followed. These and more are described in colorful narrations by Fr. Miguel Bernad, S.J.

On May 9, 1936, Mount Apo was declared a national park by President Manuel L. Quezon.

Mt. Apo is said to be named after a nobleman named Apong, who was killed while mediating the battle between two suitors of his daughter Saribu. Another proposed origin of the name is from the word Apo itself, which in Filipino tongues means “master” or “grandchild”.

In late March–April 2016, due to the extreme effects of El Niño, massive patches of forest fires and bushfires appeared on the slopes of the mountain, causing hikers on the mountain to halt their ascent. Tourism in the region was threatened due to a massive haze engulfing the slopes of the mountain.

Source: Wikipedia

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MT. BANAHAW
Lukban, Quezon

Mount Banahaw(alternative spelling: Banahao or Banájao) is an active volcano on Luzon in the Philippines. The three-peaked volcano complex is located between the provinces of Laguna and Quezon and is the tallest mountain in the CALABARZON region dominating the landscape for miles around.

The mountain is considered by many as a "Holy mountain", thus a bundok dambana, and is popular among pilgrims along with mountain climbers. It is located in a protected area known as Mounts Banahaw–San Cristobal Protected Landscape covering 10,901 hectares (26,940 acres) of land.

The andesitic Banahaw volcano complex is composed of several mountains with Mount Banahaw, the largest with a maximum elevation of 2,170 metres (7,119 ft) above sea level. The summit is topped by a 1.5 by 3.5 kilometres (0.93 mi × 2.17 mi) and 210 metres (690 ft) deep crater that is breached on the southern rim believed to have been caused by the 1730 eruption. Prior to 1730, a lake occupied the summit crater of Mount Banahaw. The resulting flood destroyed the town of Sariaya, Quezon located below the mountain.

Source: Wikipedia

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Mayon Volcano, also known as MOUNT MAYON, is an active volcano in the province of ALBAY, on the island of Luzon. It is a classic strato volcano capped by a small central summit crater. Renowned as the "perfect cone" because of its almost symmetric conical shape. It was declared a national park and a protected landscape on July 20, 1938, the first in the country. It was reclassified a Natural Park and renamed Mayon Volcano Natural Park in the year 2000. It is the main landmark of Albay Province, rising 8,077 ft from the shores of the Gulf of Albay about 10 km away. Mayon is the most active volcano in the Philippines having erupted over 48 times in the past 400 years.

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MOUNT SAMAT is a historic mountain in the town of Pilar, Province of Bataan, and is a parasitic cone of Mount Mariveles with no record of historical eruption. The summit of Mount Samat is 9.2 km NNE of the Mariveles caldera. Mount Samar itself has a 1,800 ft wide crater that opens to the northeast. The Mount Samat Cross is situated near the edge of the crater rim, and located near its summit is the Mount Samat National Shrine. A national shrine dedicated to the heroic struggle and sacrifices of 78,000 Filipino and American soldiers who fought against the Imperial Japanese Army and died in the historic World War II in 1942.

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March 4, 2012

Hero: Monument of the Filipino Soldier

 A tribute to the Filipino World War II Veterans

ANDRES BONIFACIO

100th Year Celebration of Heroic Deeds

Memorare
Manila
Wikang Pilipino: Pagpupugay kay Andres Bonifacion, masigasig na tagapagtanggol ng kalayaan, supremo at dakilang ama ng katipunan. Siya ay ipinanganak sa Tondo, Maynila noong Nobyembre 30, 1863, Dahils sa pag-ibig sa tinubuang lupa, siya ay sumapi sa La Liga Filipina at nagtatag ng katipunan, isang lihim na samahan na ang layunin ay makamtan ang kasarilinan ng Pilipinas sa rebolusyunaryong pamamaraan, sumulat ng mga makabayang tula at sanaysay na naging batas ng diwang malaya ng mga Pilipino. Sa kanyang kabayanihan, ang panandang pangkasaysayang ito ay inialay ng madlang Pilipino sa kanyang karangalan sa pagdiriwang ng ikasandaang taon ng kanyang kabayanihan.


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Sent by Iwa Mahor of Bataan


ANDRES BONIFACIO SHRINE was built to remember Andrés Bonifacio y de Castro, the Founder of the Katipunan organisation which aimed to start an independence movement against Spain. It is located on Padre Burgos Avenue, between Manila City Hall and Mehan Gardens, Ermita, City of Manila.

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Quezon Memorial Park

March 2, 2012

Churches and Temples



Manaoag Shrine, Pangasinan
Our Lady of Manaoag is known to be the
patroness of the sick, the helpless and the needy. 
Established over 400 years ago, the Shrine of our Lady of 
Manaoag is today one of the Philippines' most widely visited Pilgrimage sites.

REDEMPTORIST CHURCH
Barangay Baclaran, PARANAQUE CITY


Redemptorist Church is popularly called Baclaran Church. Completed in December 1952, it houses one of the most venerated Marian images in the country - the icon of our Mother of Perpetual Help. Devotees flock and pray the novena every Wednesday in what has become "Baclaran Day".